Changes to the state minimum wage
The minimum wage in 2017 is $11 per hour.
- The minimum wage applies to all jobs, including agriculture.
- Employers must pay employees age 16 and older at least $11 per hour in 2017. WAC 296-126-020.
- Employers are allowed to pay 85 percent of the minimum wage to employees under age 16. WAC 296-126-020 . For 2017, this rate is $9.35 per hour.
- Seattle, Tacoma, and the City of SeaTac currently have higher minimum wage rates. The local rate applies if it is higher than the state minimum wage rate.
- The initiative does not change overtime pay requirements.
The initiative sets future minimum wage rates
- The minimum wage will increase annually over the next three years: $11.50 in 2018, $12 in 2019, and $13.50 in 2020.
- Starting Jan. 1, 2021, minimum wage increases will be calculated by L&I using a formula tied to the rate of inflation (based on the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers – CPI-W).
The initiative contains important language regarding tips and service charges
The initiative states that an employer must pay to its employees:
- All tips and gratuities; and
- All service charges as defined under RCW 49.46.160 , except those that are itemized as not being payable to the employee or employees servicing the customer.
- Tips and service charges paid to an employee may not offset the state minimum wage requirement.
Paid sick leave requirements
Starting January 1, 2018, employers in Washington will be required to provide their employees with paid sick leave.
- Paid sick leave must accrue at a minimum rate of one hour of paid sick leave for every 40 hours worked. This includes part-time and seasonal workers.
- Paid sick leave must be paid to employees at their normal hourly compensation.
- Employees are entitled to use accrued paid sick leave beginning on the 90th calendar day after the start of their employment.
- Unused paid sick leave of 40 hours or less must be carried over to the following year.
- Employers are allowed to provide employees with more generous carry over and accrual policies.
- Employees may use paid sick leave:
- To care for themselves or a family member.
- When the employees’ workplace or their child’s school or place of care has been closed by a public official for any health-related reason.
- For absences that qualify for leave under the state’s Domestic Violence Leave Act.
- Employers may allow employees to use paid sick leave for additional purposes.
Rulemaking for paid sick leave
The Department of Labor & Industries (L&I) is developing rules to explain and enforce the new requirements. These rules will include:
- Procedures for employers to notify their employee(s).
- Recordkeeping and reporting requirements regarding paid sick leave.
- Processes to protect employees from retaliation for the lawful use of paid sick leave.
The rules are being developed in two phases: (1) employer requirements and employee rights and (2) enforcement of the new law. Opportunities for public comment on employer requirements and employee rights ended September 1. Rulemaking for enforcement of the new law is underway and includes opportunities for public comment at the public hearings listed below.
- Notice: A pre-hearing overview of the draft proposed rules begins at 9.a.m. for each public hearing.
Spokane Center Place Auditorium
2426 N Discovery Pl
Spokane Valley WA 99216
L&I – Tumwater Auditorium
7273 Linderson Way SW
Tumwater WA 98501
What is a public hearing? A public hearing is a formal agency meeting where the public can participate in the rulemaking process by providing testimony on a proposed rule.
The new law protects employees from retaliation for exercising their rights under the Minimum Wage Requirements and Labor Standards Act. This includes filing a complaint for wages owed, lawfully using paid sick leave or exercising protected rights.
People with questions can contact the Employment Standards Program at L&I by phone (1-866-219-7321) or email (esgeneral@Lni.wa.gov).
Paid family and medical leave
The Washington State Legislature passed the paid family and medical leave bill in the 2017 legislative session. This new law will be administered by the Washington State Employment Security Department. Beginning in 2019, the program will be funded by premiums paid by employers and employees. In 2020, it will allow workers to apply for up to 12 weeks of paid leave for personal illness, pregnancy or illness of family members. For more information, go to www.esd.wa.gov/newsroom/paid-family-medical-leave.